Asafoetida (Feaula Asafoetida) is a small plant grows wild in India. The aromatic gum obtained by incision from the roots of the plant is in popular use in India for many centuries as a flavouring agent, as an ingredient in condiments and in many spice mixtures.
Asafoetida oil is the volatile oil obtained by steam distillation of the asafoetida gum. The essential oil of asafoetida is highly used as a flavouring agent in certain delicacies.
It is used as a carminative and stimulant. Being a nervine and pulmonary stimulant this oil is used as an expectorant. Asafoetida oil is also used for intestinal disorders and as a blood purifier.
Essential Oil of Asafoetida
|Colour and appearance||Pale yellow to golden yellow clear liquid|
|Odour||Pungent and irritating|
|pH||6 – 8|
|Total heavy metals||Less than 10 ppm|
|Lead||Less than 5 ppm|
|Moulds/gm||Less than 10|
|Yeasts/gm||Less than 10|
|Mesophyllic bacteria/gm||Less than 10|
|Storage||Keep closed in sealed containers under inert gas in a cool place, protected from light|
|Shelf life||18 months|